NBER

Ten Years after the Financial Crisis: What Have We Learned from the Renaissance in Fiscal Research?

Valerie A. Ramey

Bibliographic Information

NBER Working Paper No. 25531
Issued in February 2019
NBER Program(s):EFG, ME

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Abstract

This paper takes stock of what we have learned from the “Renaissance” in fiscal research in the ten years since the financial crisis. I first summarize the new innovations in methodology and discuss the various strengths and weaknesses of the main approaches. Reviewing the estimates, I come to the surprising conclusion that the bulk of the estimates for average spending and tax change multipliers lie in a fairly narrow range, 0.6 to 1 for spending multipliers and -2 to -3 for tax change multipliers. However, I identify economic circumstances in which multipliers lie outside those ranges. I conclude by reviewing the debate on whether multipliers were higher on the stimulus spending in the U.S. and the fiscal consolidations in Europe.

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